The Population of the Emirate of Umm Al Quwain is 49159 according to the census of December 2005. The city of Umm Al Quwain is the capital of the Emirate. The population, of the Emirate of Umm Al Quwain, is 49 159 people, according to the census of December 2005. The city of Umm Al Quwain is the capital of the Emirate. There is a deep Creek in the city with a length of about five kilometers and a width of one kilometer.
The city is the residence of His Highness Sheikh Saud bin Rashid Al Mualla. It also hosts all government departments, companies and banks, commercial markets, commercial seaport and the Marine Research Center, that helps in the development of fisheries in the country.
One of the Emirate suburbs is the city of Falaj Al Mualla, which is located 50 kilometers south -east of Umm Al Quwain. The name comes from the “Falaj” which is the water, that comes out of the ground or from the mountains. The vast spread of agriculture in Falaj Al Mualla is due to the fertility of the soil and the availability of fresh water. Siniya Island is about 1 km from the city of Umm Al Quwain, and extends on an area of about 90 square kilometers. It is a natural reserve for deer, sea birds and mangroves.
The remains along the coast, near Umm Al Quwain, reveal the oldest archeological city that was flourishing more than two thousand years ago in the south east of the Arabian Peninsula, which is called Al Dour. Excavations conducted by archaeologists show many archaeological findings such as ancient stone homes, stone graves, ceramics, Egyptian and Shami (Mesopotamian) glass tools.